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Are you looking to start your trading journey, or enhance your trading strategy? If so, you will need to learn how to spot crypto chart patterns.

In this article, we will discuss some of the most common chart patterns that traders use to make decisions. We will also provide examples of each pattern. So, if you’re ready to learn about crypto chart patterns, keep reading!

What Are Chart Patterns?

Chart patterns and trend lines are used in technical analysis to help identify potential trading opportunities. Traders use them to recognize turning points and strong reversals that could indicate buying or selling opportunities in the market.

Trading patterns come in many shapes and sizes. Being common formations that occur on a price chart, they can signal to traders that a certain price action may take place. These patterns can help predict future price movements. 

Trend lines are a key component of technical analysis. They are used to identify areas of support and resistance, indicate a prevailing market trend, forecast potential price targets, and filter out noise prices. Trend lines can be drawn using data points such as highs or lows on the chart. While drawing one, it’s also crucial to track moving averages, identify particular market conditions, and study the slope of the trend line. These trend lines help traders identify entry/exit points in their trades as well as adjust their positions based on future market movements. Ultimately, they give traders better chances at spotting profitable trading opportunities in the markets.

How to Read Crypto Chart Patterns?

Learning to read crypto chart patterns is a valuable skill for trading and investing in cryptocurrencies. Here’s a step-by-step guide tailored for beginners, along with advice on the tools you should use and tips on how to start:

Step 1: Understand the Basics of Chart Patterns

Chart patterns are formations that appear on the price charts of cryptocurrencies and represent the battle between buyers and sellers. These patterns can indicate potential price movements. Familiarize yourself with the most common patterns, like head and shoulders, cup and handle, flags, and triangles. If you struggle initially, don’t be discouraged — like any skill, with practice and experience, you’ll soon be able to identify these patterns effortlessly.

Step 2: Choose a Charting Tool

A good charting tool is essential for viewing and analyzing crypto charts. Some popular options include:

  • TradingView: Highly popular for its range of tools and social sharing features.
  • Coinigy: Offers extensive tools for trading directly from the chart.
  • CryptoCompare: Provides a less advanced, user-friendly interface suitable for beginners.

Step 3: Learn to Identify Patterns

This step tends to be the most time-consuming, but with the right resources, you can master it efficiently.

A chart pattern cheat sheetA chart pattern cheat sheet

Start by identifying simple patterns. Utilize tools such as our chart pattern cheat sheets and trading tutorials on YouTube to guide your learning. Give it a go with two or three of the most popular patterns, such as head and shoulders, cup and handle, or triangles. Practice spotting these patterns on actual charts. By actively searching for these patterns yourself, you’ll develop a keen eye for identifying potential market movements, which is crucial for successful trading.

Step 4: Practice with Historical Data

Use your charting tool to look at historical price actions and try to identify the patterns. Most platforms allow you to “replay” the market from an earlier date to simulate how patterns might have helped predict movements.

Step 5: Apply Basic Technical Analysis

While memorizing chart patterns is useful, understanding some basic technical analysis can enhance your ability to read charts. If you are a beginner, I would suggest to learn about:

  • Support and Resistance Levels are prices at which the crypto consistently stops falling or rising, respectively.
  • Volume helps confirm the strength of a price move. Patterns with high volume on the breakout are more reliable.
  • Moving Averages smooth out price data to create a single flowing line, which makes it easier to identify the direction of the trend. Simple moving averages (SMA) and exponential moving averages (EMA) are good starting points.
  • The Relative Strength Index (RSI) measures the speed and change of price movements on a scale of 0 to 100. Generally, an RSI above 70 indicates overbought conditions (possibly a sell signal), while below 30 indicates oversold conditions (possibly a buy signal).
  • Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) is a trend-following momentum indicator that shows the relationship between two moving averages of a cryptocurrency’s price. The MACD is calculated by subtracting the 26-period EMA from the 12-period EMA.
  • A Stochastic Oscillator is a momentum indicator that compares a particular closing price of a cryptocurrency to a range of its prices over a certain period. It helps to identify overbought and oversold levels, providing insight into potential reversal points.

Step 6: Practice on a Demo Account

Before investing real money, practice your skills using a demo account. Many trading platforms offer demo accounts where you can trade with fake money but real market data.

Step 7: Stay Updated and Flexible

Influenced by news and global events, the crypto market is highly volatile. Keep yourself updated with the latest cryptocurrency news. Be flexible and ready to adapt your strategy as the market changes.

Is Memorizing Chart Patterns Enough?

Memorizing chart patterns is a good start, but it’s not enough for consistent success in crypto trading. Understanding the context in which these patterns develop and the market sentiment and complementing them with other forms of technical analysis like trend lines, volume, and indicators like Moving Averages or RSI can provide a more comprehensive trading strategy.

Triangle Crypto Chart Patterns

One of the most common chart patterns is the triangle, formed by an asset’s converging trend lines. There are three types of triangles:

  • Ascending (bullish chart pattern)
  • Descending (bearish pattern)
  • Symmetrical
How to read crypto chart patterns for trading?
Triangle crypto chart patterns, explained

Ascending and descending triangles are continuation chart patterns, which means that they typically occur in the middle of a trend and signal that the trend will continue. Symmetrical triangles are considered to be reversal patterns, which means they can occur at the end of a trend and signal that the price may reverse its course. 

Triangles are some of the long-lasting patterns: they can take several months or even years to form.

Ascending Triangle

An ascending triangle pattern is created when the price of an asset forms higher highs and higher lows. This pattern is considered a bullish continuation pattern — so it gives a buy signal.

Here are some common defining characteristics of an ascending triangle:

  • The price is forming higher highs and higher lows.
  • There is a horizontal resistance line at a certain price level.
  • The chart pattern is typically found in the middle of an uptrend.

Descending Triangle

A descending triangle is a bearish continuation pattern that, just like the name suggests, is the opposite of the ascending triangle. It occurs when the asset price forms lower highs and lower lows. A descending triangle usually gives a sell signal as it is a sign that a bearish trend will probably continue.

There are several ways to identify a descending triangle. These are some of the things you can look for.

  • The asset price forms lower highs and lower lows.
  • You can observe horizontal support.
  • It is the middle of a downtrend.

Symmetrical Triangle

A symmetrical triangle chart pattern emerges when the price of an asset forms higher lows and lower highs. This chart pattern can be found at the end of a trend; it signals that the price may reverse its course. The symmetrical triangle pattern can be either bullish or bearish.

Here are some signs that the pattern you’re seeing might be a symmetrical triangle: 

  • The price forms higher lows and lower highs.
  • There is no clear trend.
  • It is the end of a trend.

Rising Wedge Crypto Graph Patterns

Wedges are another subtype of triangle chart patterns. A rising wedge is a bearish reversal pattern that comes to life when the price of an asset forms lower highs and higher lows. This pattern signals that the price is likely to continue to fall. It gives a sell signal.

Here are some things that can point towards a pattern being a rising wedge: 

  • The price forms lower highs and higher lows.
  • There is horizontal resistance at a certain price level.
  • It is the middle of a downtrend.
In crypto trading, a wedge pattern refers to a technical analysis tool used to identify potential price trends.
How to read Bitcoin charts: wedge patterns

Falling Wedge

A falling wedge is a bullish reversal pattern that, just like the name suggests, is the opposite of the rising wedge. It occurs when there are higher highs and lower lows on the price chart. A falling wedge usually gives a buy signal as it is a sign that an uptrend will probably continue.

There are several ways to identify a falling wedge. These are some of the things you can look for: 

  • The asset forms higher highs and lower lows.
  • You can observe horizontal support.
  • It is the middle of an uptrend.

Rectangle Chart Patterns

A rectangle chart pattern is created when the price of an asset consolidates between two horizontal levels of support and resistance. This chart pattern can signal that the price is about to break out in either direction.

Bullish Rectangle

A bullish rectangle is a chart pattern that is created when the price of an asset cannot break out through either the top or the bottom horizontal line and ends up consolidating between the support and resistance levels. This chart pattern signals that the price is likely to break out to the upside — so it gives a buy signal.

Here are the defining characteristics of a bullish rectangle: 

  • Price consolidation between two horizontal levels of support and resistance.
  • This chart pattern is typically found at the end of a downtrend. 
Rectangle patterns in crypto trading refer to a price chart pattern where the price of a cryptocurrency trades within a defined support and resistance range.
Crypto trading patterns: Bullish rectangle vs bearish rectangle pattern

Bearish Rectangle

A bearish rectangle is the opposite of the bullish rectangle. It happens when asset price “gets stuck” in between two horizontal levels of support and resistance. A bearish rectangle usually gives a sell signal as it is a sign that the price is likely to continue to fall.

Double Top Crypto Pattern

A double top is one of the most common crypto chart patterns. It is characterized by the price shooting up twice in a short period of time — retesting a new high. If it fails to go back to that level and cross over the upper horizontal line, it typically signifies that a strong pullback is coming. This is a bearish reversal pattern that gives a sell signal.

Crypto chart patterns: Double bottom and double top breakout patterns

Double Bottom Crypto Pattern

A double bottom is a chart pattern that, as can be seen from its name, is the opposite of the double top. It occurs when the asset price tests the lower horizontal level twice but then pulls back and goes up instead. A double bottom usually gives a buy signal as it is a sign that there will likely be an uptrend.

Triple Top

The triple top and bottom patterns are very similar to their “double” counterparts. The triple top also occurs when the price of an asset tests the upper horizontal line but fails to cross over it — but for this pattern, it happens thrice. It is a bearish reversal pattern that signals an upcoming downward trend.

Triple top and triple bottom crypto chart patterns

Triple Bottom

The triple bottom crypto chart pattern is observed when asset price reaches a certain level and then pulls back two times before finally kicking off a bullish trend.

Pole Chart Patterns

Pole chart patterns are characterized by the price of an asset reaching a certain level and then pulling back before returning to that level. These patterns get their name from the “pole” present in them — a rapid upward (or downward) price movement.

Bullish Flag Pattern

A bullish flag is a chart pattern that occurs when the asset price reaches a certain level and then pulls back before reclaiming that level. A bullish version of this crypto flag pattern usually gives a buy signal as it is a sign that an uptrend will probably continue. You can read more about it here.

The most distinctive thing about this pattern is, unsurprisingly, its shape: a pole followed by a flag. Here’s how it’s structured:

  1. Drastic upward price movement
  2. A brief consolidation period with lower highs
  3. A bullish trend
Crypto graph patterns: Bear flag and bull flag

Bearish Flag

A bearish flag is the complete opposite of a bullish flag crypto chart pattern. It is formed by a sharp downtrend and consolidation with higher highs that ends when the price breaks and drops down. These flags are bearish continuation patterns, so they give a sell signal. You can learn more about them in this article.

Bullish Pennant

A bullish pennant is a bullish pole chart pattern rather similar to a bullish flag. It also has a pole — a shart uptrend — followed by a brief (or not so brief) consolidation, and then a continued uptrend. Unlike the flag, however, its consolidation period is shaped like a triangle: it has higher lows and lower highs. It gives a buy signal.

Pennant patterns: How to read crypto charts for beginners?

Bearish Pennant

A bearish pennant is, naturally, the opposite of a bullish pendant. Its pole is a sharp downward price movement, and it is followed by a price decrease. It gives a sell signal.

Pennants are also defined by trading volume: it should be exceptionally high during the “pole” and then slowly whittle down during consolidation. They usually last between one and four weeks.

Other Chart Trading Patterns

There are also several other chart patterns that you can look for when trading cryptocurrencies. Here are a few of the most common ones.

Head and Shoulders Crypto Graph Patterns

The head and shoulders pattern is a technical analysis term used in crypto trading. It refers to the shape that is formed when a market peak is preceded by two smaller peaks, with the higher one being the head and two equal troughs connecting each of them.

Chart analysis is one of the best tools in trading crypto. Here’s how to identify a head and shoulders pattern.

A more advanced chart pattern, the head and shoulders chart pattern, occurs when the price of an asset reaches a certain level and then pulls back before retaking that level. This chart pattern can be either bullish or bearish, depending on where it occurs in the market cycle.

Inverted Head and Shoulders

The inverted head and shoulders pattern symbolizes strong buying pressure and could indicate that buyers are taking control over sellers.

One of the more advanced technical analysis patterns, inverted head and shoulders, should be used with other indicators before taking a position.

The inverted head and shoulders chart pattern is created when the price of an asset reaches a certain level and then pulls back before reaching that level again. This chart pattern is usually bullish and gives a buy signal as it is a sign that an uptrend will probably continue. Just like the name suggests, it is the inverted version of the traditional head and shoulders pattern.

Cup and Handle

The cup and handle is a pattern that can be observed when the price of an asset reaches a certain level and then pulls back before reclaiming that level. It is named like that because it actually looks like a cup. 

This chart formation is often referred to as the bullish reversal pattern. However, it can give either a bullish or a bearish signal — it all depends on what point of the cycle it is seen in.

The cup and handle is a bullish reversal pattern in chart analysis. It is named so because it resembles a cup-and-handle shape when plotted on a graph.
Crypto cup and handle pattern: How to read crypto charts?

Rounded Top and Bottom Crypto Chart Pattern

Bearish chart pattern: Rounded top (a.k.a. rounding top)

The rounded top and bottom chart pattern appears when the price of an asset reaches a certain level and then pulls back before retaking that level. This chart pattern can be either bullish or bearish, depending on where it occurs in the market cycle.

Bullish chart pattern: Rounded bottom (a.k.a. rounding bottom chart pattern)

This crypto chart pattern typically occurs right before a trend reversal. The “top” pattern signals a possible bearish reversal, creating a potential shorting opportunity. The “bottom” pattern is the opposite and often precedes a reversal from a downward trend to an upward one.

The Failure Swing Trading Crypto Chart Pattern

Cryptocurrency patterns: The failure swing

The failure swing chart pattern happens if the asset price reaches a certain level and then pulls back before reaching that level again. Common failure chart patterns typically involve trend lines, such as breakouts before a fail point, or descending triangles. When these patterns appear on charts, they may indicate that a reversal or pullback is due; however, false signals can occur if the underlying conditions or fundamentals do not support the formation of the pattern.

Analyzing chart patterns: Crypto and other financial markets. Non-failure swing graph pattern.

Non-failure swing chart patterns are similar to failure swing charts, but they involve the second peak staying above the first one (an upward continuation). Non-failure swings can indicate strong trends and sustained price movements. One should look at both types of patterns in combination with other market indicators to validate their accuracy.

How to Trade Crypto Using Chart Patterns

So, you’ve spotted a pattern on a crypto chart. What should you do next? While the crypto market moves fast and waits for no one, it’s wise to heed the advice of seasoned traders and take a thorough approach to maximize the benefits of your chart pattern.

To make the most out of chart patterns in crypto trading, pay attention to these critical aspects:

  1. Price Movement: Observe whether there are higher highs or lower lows, which can indicate the strength of a trend.
  2. Support and Resistance Levels: These are critical areas where the price may stall or reverse.
  3. Trend Stage: Determine whether the trend is at its beginning, middle, or end to better gauge potential moves.
How to use crypto trading patterns?

Here are other essential tips to enhance your trading strategy:

  • Make sure that the chart pattern is valid. This means that it should meet all of the criteria we discussed earlier in this article.
  • Wait for a confirmation signal before entering a trade. A confirmation signal is something like a breakout or a candlestick pattern.
  • Utilize technical indicators. They can help crypto traders identify potential entry and exit points, as well as determine the overall trend in the market.
  • Pay attention to different time frames. Short-term traders may focus on hourly or daily charts, while long-term investors may look at the bigger picture — weeks or months.
  • Have a proper risk-reward ratio. This means that your potential profits should be greater than your potential losses.
  • Have a plan for exiting the trade. This includes setting a profit target and a stop-loss order.

If you are an experienced trader or have a higher-than-average risk appetite, you can try to trade patterns before the confirmation. However, please remember that it is incredibly risky — not to mention insanely hard. While these patterns are easy to identify in retrospect, they can be not-so-easy to notice when they are just happening. Of course, ыщьу tools and indicators (or even bots) can help with that, and you will get better at catching them as you practice more, but they can still be incredibly treacherous.

Crypto Chart Pattern Success Rate

There are many different chart patterns that you can use to trade crypto, but not all of them are equally effective.

Some chart patterns have a higher success rate than others. For example, the head and shoulders pattern has a success rate of about 70%. On the other hand, the cup and handle pattern has a success rate of about 80%. 

It’s important to note that the success of these patterns can be influenced by several factors:

  • Chart Timeframe: Patterns on longer timeframes tend to be more reliable than those on shorter ones.
  • Pattern Type: Continuation patterns might perform differently in bull markets compared to bear markets.
  • External Factors: Black swan events, sudden news releases, and major announcements can heavily impact market conditions, often disrupting established patterns.

Therefore, while chart patterns can be a valuable tool for traders, they should be used in conjunction with a comprehensive understanding of the overall crypto market, especially in day trading, where market sentiment can shift rapidly. Proper risk management and strategy alignment are essential to maximize their effectiveness.

At the end of the day, what matters most is using the patterns that fit your trading strategy best, as well as utilizing proper risk management.

Risk Management

Technical analysis involves the use of chart patterns to predict market trends and implement investment strategies.
Technical analysis: Chart patterns and risk management

Risk management is incredibly important when it comes to trading crypto chart patterns. No matter how good or prominent the chart pattern is, things can always go wrong. So, it’s crucial to have a solid risk management strategy in place before you start trading and adjust it accordingly. Here are some things to keep in mind: 

  • Set a stop loss. This is probably the most important thing you can do in terms of risk management. A stop loss will help you limit your losses if the trade goes against you. 
  • Use a take profit target. A take profit target will help you lock in profits if the trade goes in your favor. 
  • Use a trailing stop. A trailing stop is a great way to protect your profits because it will automatically sell your position if the price starts to fall. 
  • Manage your position size. Position size also matters. You don’t want to risk too much of your account on one trade.

Hedging is also an important concept to understand when trading chart patterns. It involves opening a position in one asset to offset the risk associated with another asset. 

For example, let’s say you’re long on BTC, and you’re worried about a potential market crash. You could hedge your position by going short in altcoins. This way, if the market does crash, your losses will be offset by your gains in altcoins. 

These are just a few things to keep in mind in regard to risk management when trading chart patterns. If you can master risk management, you’ll be well on your way to success as a trader.

FAQ

Do chart patterns work for crypto?

Yes, chart patterns can be extremely useful for trading crypto. They may not be 100% reliable, but they can definitely help you make more informed trading decisions.

As with any other asset out there, combining chart patterns with other forms of technical and fundamental analysis provides a more comprehensive trading strategy. This mix can help mitigate the risks associated with misleading signals from any single method. 

What is the best pattern for crypto trading?

There’s no one “best” pattern for trading cryptocurrencies because it really depends on what works best for you. However, if you’re just starting out, it’s a good idea to focus on simpler patterns that are easier to spot and tend to work well. Some good ones include Horizontal Resistance, Ascending Triangle, Channel Down, Falling Wedge, and Inverse Head and Shoulders. These patterns can help you figure out when to buy and are generally more reliable, which can make trading a bit less daunting for beginners.

What technical analysis tools are the best for cryptocurrency trading?

There are a few technical analysis tools that can be really useful for cryptocurrency trading. Some of the most popular ones include:

  • Moving Average (MA)
  • Bollinger Bands
  • Relative Strength Index (RSI)
  • MACD indicator 

How to catch a crypto pump?

Predicting a crypto pump is no easy task, but there are a few things you can look out for that may give you some clues. These include:

  • Increased social media activity
  • Frequent occurrences of FOMO in the community
  • Pump and dump groups
  • Unusual trading activity on exchanges

How many chart patterns are there in crypto?

The most popular crypto chart patterns
A crypto pattern chart: All of these formations can be found in technical analysis of other financial markets, too.

Plenty of chart patterns that can be used in crypto trading. In technical analysis, whose basics work for all financial markets, there are about 30 formations. These include head and shoulders, double tops and bottoms, triangles, wedges, flags and pennants, cups and handles, channels, and ranges. Each pattern has its own distinct characteristics and can be used to identify potential entry or exit points to make profitable trading decisions. Different crypto patterns will work better depending on the asset, so it is important for investors to know how each chart pattern applies to their specific situation.


Disclaimer: Please note that the contents of this article are not financial or investing advice. The information provided in this article is the author’s opinion only and should not be considered as offering trading or investing recommendations. We do not make any warranties about the completeness, reliability and accuracy of this information. The cryptocurrency market suffers from high volatility and occasional arbitrary movements. Any investor, trader, or regular crypto users should research multiple viewpoints and be familiar with all local regulations before committing to an investment.



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